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运动疾病漫谈
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其他新闻 - 共享资源 - 运动疾病漫谈
运动疾病漫谈
共享资源 加入时间:2017-2-21 10:01:50 来源:  访问量:886
 
 
运动能够使人强身健体,但是运动不当也会给人带来各种运动性疾病,尤其是一些职业运动员,来看看常见的运动疾病吧
Badminton/羽毛球:
– Upper limbs: muscle disorders (deltoid, rotator cuff), rotator cuff tendinopathy, progressive instability of the shoulder, subacromial bursitis, infraspinatus tendinitis, epicondylalgia;
上肢: 肌肉疾病(三角肌、肩旋转肌群)、肩旋转肌群肌腱炎、肩关节渐变性不稳定、肩峰下滑囊炎、冈下肌或劳损和上髁痛;
– Lower limbs: contusions, muscular disorders (quadriceps), tears of the thigh muscles, knee or ankle sprains, fatigue fractures of the calcaneus;
下肢:挫伤、肌肉疾病(四头肌)、大腿肌肉撕裂、膝盖或者踝关节扭伤、根骨疲劳骨折;
– Trunk and spine: cervicalgia, dorsalgia;
躯干和脊椎:颈痛、肩痛;
– Head: contusions of the eye and traumatic keratitis.
头部:眼睛碰伤和外伤性角膜炎。
 
Squash/壁球:
– Head: contusions of the eyeball (mainly in men);
头部:眼睛挫伤(主要是男士);
– Upper limbs: neuropathy of the serratus anterior or the suprascapular, supraspinatus, infraspinatus and trapezoid muscle contractures, fractures of the unciform bone, progressive instability of the shoulder, acromio-clavicular arthropathy, tendinitis of the supraspinatus and long biceps, epitrochleitis, tenosynovitis of the finger extensors;
上肢:锯肌或者肩胛神经病,冈上肌、冈下肌和斜方肌肌肉痉挛,钩骨骨折,肩关节渐变性不稳定,肩锁关节关节炎,冈上肌腱炎、肱二头肌长头腱炎,巩固炎和手指伸展肌群腱鞘炎;
– Lower limbs: adductor and leg muscle contractures, knee sprains, ankle sprains, patellar tendinitis, Achilles tendinitis;
下肢:内收肌和腿部肌肉痉挛、膝盖扭伤、踝关节扭伤、膝盖肌腱炎。
– Trunk and spine: contusions relating to the racket, lumbalgia;
躯干和腰椎:球拍挫伤或者腰痛;
– Skin and digestive problems: wounds, risk of abdominal pain and diarrhoea.
皮肤和消化问题:创伤、腹部疼痛和腹泻的风险。
 
Tennis/网球:
– Upper limbs: upper anterior impingement, rotator cuff rupture, neurological damage to the suprascapular nerve and the nerve of the serratus anterior, shoulder instability, acromio-clavicular disorder, acromio-clavicular arthrosis, tennis elbow, microtraumatic sprains, triceps tendinitis, rearrangement of the olecranon fossa, fatigue fracture of the olecranon, tenosynovitis, tendinitis, sub-luxation and luxation, fatigue fractures, metacarpal and scaphoid fractures, progressive ligament injuries;
上肢:上肢前端旋转肌损伤、肩腱袖断裂、肩胛上神经受伤和前锯肌神经受伤、肩胛不稳定、锁肩峰关节脱位、网球肘、轻微伤、三头肌、鹰嘴突错位、尺骨鹰嘴疲劳骨折、腱鞘炎、肌腱炎、半脱位和全脱位、疲劳骨折、掌骨骨折和肘状骨骨折、渐变性韧带受伤。
– Lower limbs: osteoarthritis of the hip, fatigue fractures of the pelvis, pubalgia, muscular accidents, tendinitis of the patella and quadriceps, external anterior cruciate ligament rupture, meniscus disorders, calf strain, sprains of the ankle, tendon damage, Achilles tendon rupture, injury to the plantar aponeurosis;
下肢:髋关节骨关节炎、骨盆疲劳断裂、腰痛、肌肉发生意外事故、踝关节炎和四头肌炎、前十字撕裂、半月板损伤、小腿拉伤、踝关节拉伤、肌腱损伤、跟腱断裂、足底筋膜炎;
– Trunk and spine: overstrain injury, hyperlordosis, isthmic lysis
躯干和脊椎:紧张损伤、脊椎前凸、峡部溶解。